gates of jaipur · Jaipur · Jaipur Beat · Jaipur During Monsoon · Jaipur Happenings · Rajasthan tourism · Uncategorized

Gates of Jaipur: The Reflection of Opulence and Grandeur

Jaipur, the capital city of the land of Maharajas: Rajasthan. A city with so much to narrate about the culture and traditions, a city that reflects the royalty of Rajputs; a city with a splendid history. The foundation of the city was laid in the 16th Century by Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II. The Maharaja did everything to make it a spectacle for the entire world and to keep it safe from intruders. He built a city so grand and so beautiful that we can’t help but admire even today. Everything in Jaipur was built according to Vastu Shastra. With its magnificent forts and palaces, the unrivalled historic architecture of Jaipur narrates a story of grandeur and opulence.

When it comes to the architecture we often talk about palaces and forts and other monuments. But what we often forget is one of the most important parts of our city’s history, the Gates of Jaipur. The popular 7-8 gates of the city are said to be the original entrance into the walled city.

  1. Suraj Pol

Suraj Pol or the Sun Gate is situated at the east of the walled city, in the direction of the rising sun. The gate can easily be identified by the two sun painted on it.

Suraj Pol

  1. Chand Pol

Chand Pol or the Moon Gate is situated at the western side of the city near Chand Pol Bazaar and Gangauri Bazar. It lies on the same axis as the Suraj Pole Gate.

Chandpol

  1. Ram Pol

Popular as Ghat Gate, it leads its passersby to Ramganj.

Ghat gate Ram Pol

  1. Shiv Pol

Now known as the Sanganeri Gate, it leads to the Sanganer. Shiv Pol stands to guard the entry of Johari Bazaar.

Shiv Pol

  1. Ajmeri Gate

Situated near Choti Chaupad, the gate was built to guard the southern entrance of the walled city and leads on the roads to Ajmer.

Ajmeri gate

  1. Ganga Pol

Situated at the north-east section of the walled city, it is not known to many.

  1. Dhruv Pol

Commonly known as the Zorawar Singh Gate, Dhruv Pol is the northernmost gate of the walled city. It is named after the Pole Star or the Dhruv Tara, a star that marks the North direction.  It is also the widest of all the gates.

Zoravar singh gate

  1. Naya pol

Now known as the New Gate, it opens at the Chaura Rasta while you travel through the ever-bustling MI Road. The gate showcases a blend of European architecture with local style.

New gate

After these 8 gates were built, every evening at dusk a cannon was fired to alarm the citizens of the closing time and the gates remained closed until dawn to keep the city clean of intruders crawling inside the city in dark. This practice continued till the 1940s, thereafter development outside these gates started and the gates remained open.

We went a little further and did some digging only to find that the list of gates is much greater than just 7 or 8.

  1. Sireh Deori Gate

The gate that leads you to the Jaleb Chowk and further to Govind Dev Ji temple and City Palace.

Sireh Deori Gate

  1. Tripolia Gate

The beautiful white gate near Govind Dev Ji Temple is one of its kinds. The gate is not open to the general public. It is still used only by the erstwhile Royal family, a tradition accepted by the locals without any opposition.

Tripolia gate

  1. Naqqarkahne ka Darwaza

It might not be of much importance anymore, but the gate during the reign of Maharajas was used to announce their arrival by eulogizing their works.

Naqqarkhane Ka Darwaza

The magnificent City Palace is known to the world as the residence of the royal family also has a number of awe-striking gates.

  1. Rajendra Pol

Right outside the Mubarak Mahal is a gate that portrays the flamboyant Hindu gatehouse architecture. The Rajendra Pol is flanked by two elephants both of which are carved out of a single marble.

Rajendra Pol

  1. Ganesh Pol

The gate at the exit of the City Palace that leads you out to the Jaleb Chowk.

  1. Ridhisidhi pol

The gate that on exiting the Rajendra Pol, leads you to the Pritam Niwas Chowk.

The Pritam Niwas Chowk is known to have four gates each representing a different season:

  1. Peacock Gate

It is the most alluring gate with paintings of peacocks signifying autumn.

Peacock Gate

  1. Lotus Gate

With continual flower and petal patterns, it stands as a symbol of summer.

Lotus Gate

  1. Green Gate

Also called the Leheriya gatesignifies spring.

Green Gate.jpg

  1. Rose Gate

With repeated flower patterns, the gate is seen as a symbol of winter.

Rose Gate

Today, these gates are merely symbolic; part of city’s history, nostalgia and built heritage. However, they are an important element of Jaipur’s rich architectural legacy for which the city is famous across the world.

Jaipur

7 Gates of Jaipur That Have a Story To Tell

_mg_0124

The knock knock joke here in Jaipur’s walled city would take on a completely different meaning with its many doors/ Darwazas/gates spread across the city. We asked many denizens of Jaipur to list the Darwazas of the city and though everybody seemed to agree that they are between 7 to 9 gates in the city but the names on everybody’s list were different. So we dug a bit deeper and have put together a small yet detailed guide for tourists and residents of Jaipur alike to know your one exquisite darwaza of the walled city of Jaipur from another and to never again get lost in the city.
Sawai Raja Jai Singh II did half the work with his architect by planning the city in 3 X 3 squares based on the Indian Vastu-Purush-Mandala. These squares and thus all the roads are aligned North-South or East- West. These 9 +1 squares constitute the Jaipur’s walled city. The city is guarded by 7 primary gates or pols which formed the entry-exit points into the walled city. They are a part of the city ramparts and each gate is unique and its name carries a clue to its location and reason why it’s called that. (Yes, our very own Da-Vinci Code!). The very first clue is, when in doubt – Look up!! 🙂

The centermost square of the Old City is the City Palace and Govind Dev Ji Temple map-copyand the 7 Gates are:

1. Dhruv Pol
Named after the Pole star or Dhruv tara ( which is used in locating the Direction North ) , Dhruv Pol is the Northern most Gate of the walled city. It is now called the Zorawar Singh Darwaza.

_mg_0034
2. Suraj pol
As the name suggests , it translates to Sun Gate , this is the gate to the East of the walled city, towards the eastern hills , in the direction of the rising sun. It also forms the gateway to the famous sun temple built by Sawai Jai Singh and further towards Galta Ji. You can easily identify the gate by the symbol of the 2 painted Suns on the Gate.

_mg_0055

3. Chandpol
Chand Pol means the Moon Gate . Along the East-West Axis of the City, it lies diagrammatically opposite to the Suraj Pol and forms the Western Gate of the walled City.Spot the famous and ancient Chandpole Hanuman Ji Temple with its 25 feet high Shikhar abutting the gate, if you are here you know you have reached the western end of the walled city.

_mg_0076

4. Ajmeri Darwaza / Kishan Pol
This is the 1st of the 4 southern Gates and as the name suggests would command the westerly road towards Ajmer. Also, this gate takes you inside the city towards Kishanpole market, known especially for tie & dye fabrics.

20160923_074440

5. Naya Pol
On the southern end of the Chaura Rasta (or the Wide Road) , this is the 2nd gate of the southern rampart and it means the ‘New Gate’ This gate was earlier a chor darwaza and later increased in size by the Sawai Ram Singh II . The road connects to the City Palace Gate of Tripolia. If you can see Albert Hall through the darwaza, you know you are at Naya Pol.

_mg_0123

6. Sanganeri Darwaza / Shiv Pol
Sanganeri Gate is the 3rd Gate and is located in the southern Ramparts of the Jaipur’s Walled city. This gate governed the route southwards towards the town of Sanganer. It is called Shivpol after the Shivmandir which the royal family would visit during Mahashivratri.

_mg_0159

7. Ghat Darwaza / Ram Pol
The last of the 4 Gates, the Ghat Pol is named after the easterly road towards the Ghat ki Ghuni. Inside the city, this is the way towards the Ramchandra Ji Chowkri and Ramganj Bazar.

_mg_0190

There are many more smaller gates spread throughout the city like the Samrat Pol, Char Darwaza, Ganga Pol, Chanpori Pol , Ganesh Pol , Tripolia, Naqqarwala etc but those are internal gates but each with a story of their own. Watch this space for more!!